The Narration of Bakha

“But Bakha was a child of modern India. The clearcut styles of European dress had impressed his naive mind. This stark simplicity had furrowed his old Indian consciousness and cut deep new lines where all the considerations which made India evolve a skirt costume as best fitted for the human body, lay dormant.”

Anand, Untouchable, Pg. 4.

This passage made me question who is narrating Bakha’s story. It seems to be an external narrator. I was caught off guard by the narrator calling Bakha “naive” because seems like the narrator is interjecting with their own opinions on Bakha’s behavior. By pointing out his desire to be like the British as “naive” creates a feeling of understanding for the father’s position and move farther away from justifying Bakha’s actions.